Debates have arisen as to whether all biographies are fiction, especially when authors are writing about figures from the past. All history is seen through a perspective that is the product of our contemporary society and as a result biographical truths are constantly shifting. So the history biographers write about will not be the way that it happened. It will be the way they remembered it. Debates have also arisen concerning the importance of space in life writing.
On the other hand, some years ago the Art Newspaper named eighteen “Van Goghs” in public collections that had been downgraded as fakes or are works of questionable authenticity. Most of them were taken off display, including pictures in the Van Gogh Museum, the Kröller-Müller Museum, the Detroit Institute of Arts and the Nationalmuseum in Stockholm.
Well recorded is the controversy reigning for many years regarding the authenticity of some forty oil paintings previously attributed to the Dutch master artist Vincent van Gogh. Believed by some commentators and van Gogh art experts, these works of art may in fact actually have been executed by one of Vincent van Gogh’s pupils, perhaps someone within van Gogh’s circle or even may be deliberately faked variations of Vincent van Gogh’s art works. But this is controversial and if so, a fraud effected right back at the turn of the last century. Art scholars and expert historians alike constantly challenge and raise issues about van Gogh’s oeuvre and presumably will continue to do so.
The margin space on the page between the binding and the inside edge illustration or any printed element is called the gutter. At some time you unquestionably experienced an insufficient gutter. You open a book to find that the text’s inside edge is partially obscured by the tight binding. You force the book to open wider and ultimately break its binding. Printing and binding technology has become highly precise, but some variance is inevitable. This book shows the image of the painting divided in two by means of a generous gutter.